The philosophies and theories of plato and aristotle

plato vs aristotle theory of knowledge

They may, indeed, leave something to see for some men, like poets and seers, for example. Also Aristotelian justice establishes equality between different members of the state, while the Platonic justice establishes a hierarchy of classes.

Aristotle stated that knowing what was right was not enough, that one had to choose to act in the proper manner—in essence, to create the habit of doing good.

Similarities between plato and aristotle philosophy

Every member of the community must be assigned to the class for which he proves himself best fitted. In logic, Plato was more inclined to use inductive reasoning , whereas Aristotle used deductive reasoning. So there would be ideas for everything, not only of natural things the idea of cat but also all products of human art the idea of a table and maybe even ideas for negations, that is to say, non-being, which is absurd. For example, in the idea of man as such, what is there more than in the real man? Plato follows this search with the help of the method of elimination. The end result is his philosophy of idealism, wherein the truest essence of things occurs in thought, not reality. His system far extends that of Socrates and encompasses a synthesis of all that was known at his time, especially the doctrines of Socrates, Heraclitus, Parmenides and the Pythagoreans. It cannot even explain the knowledge we have. For Plato, thought experiments and reasoning would be enough to "prove" a concept or establish the qualities of an object, but Aristotle dismissed this in favor of direct observation and experience. This type of justice relates primarily but not exclusively to political privileges.

In religion, Aristotelian ethics were the basis for St. Even though Aristotle's classification system has been replaced, much of his method remains in use in modern nomenclature.

compare and contrast plato and aristotle political philosophy

Aristotle raises the question of how something which existed beyond time and space can have a connection with those particulars which exist within time and space. Although this view is generally accurate, it is not very illuminating, and it obscures what Plato and Aristotle have in common and the continuities between them, suggesting wrongly that their philosophies are polar opposites.

Barker, E. Plato's allegory of the cave.

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Comparing the Similarities and Differences Between Plato and Aristotle